“Hell”-Companion Bible-Apx 131

"I. Gehenna. Gr. geenna. This is the transliteration of the Heb. Gai’ Hinnom, i.e. the Valley of Hinnom or ‘the Valley’ of [the son of]Hinnom, where were the fires through which children were passed in the worship of Moloch.
In the O.T. Tophet was the Heb. word used, because it was a place in this valley.
In our Lord’s day the idolatry had ceased, but the fires were still continually burning there for the destruction of the refuse of Jerusalem. Hence, geenna was used for the fires of destruction associated with the judgment of God. Sometimes, "geenna of fire." See 2 Kings 23:10. Isa. 30:33. Jer. 7:31, 32; 19:11-14…Matt. 5:22, 29, 30; 10:28; 18:9; 23:15, 33. Mark 9:43, 45, 47. Luke 12:5. Jas. 3:6.
II. Hades. Gr. hased, from a(privative)and idein, to see(Ap. 133.I.i.); used by the Greeks for the unseen world…The Holy Spirit has used it as one of the "words pertaining to the earth," and in so doing has "purified" it, "as silver tried in a furnace"(see notes on Ps. 12:6). From this we learn that His own words "are pure", but words belonging to this earth have to be "purified"…The Hebrew Sheol is a word Divine in its origin and comes down to us laden with centuries of development, in which it has acquired new senses, meanings, and usages.
Seeing that the Holy Spirit has used it in Acts 2:27, 31 as His own equivalent of Sheol in Psalm 16:10, He has settled, once for all, the sense in which we are to understand it. The meaning He has given to Sheol in Ps. 16:10 is the one meaning we are to give it wherever it occurs in the N. T., whether we transliterate it or translate it. We have no liberty to do otherwise, and must discard everything outside the Word of God. The word occurs eleven times(Matt. 11:23; 16:18. Luke 10:15; 16:23. Acts 2:27, 31. 1 Cor 15:55. Rev 1:18; 6:8; 20:13, 14); and is rendered "hell" in every passage except one, where it is rendered "grave"(1 Cor 15:55, marg. "hell"). In the R. V. the word is always transliterated "Hades", except in 1 Cor 15:55(where "death" is substituted because of the reading, in all the texts, of thanate for hade), and in the American R.V. also. As Hades is the Divine Scriptural equivalent of Sheol, further light may be gained from Ap. 35, and a reference to the 65 passages there given…"Hades" is rendered "hell" in the N.T.(except once, where the rendering "the grave"could not be avoided), Sheol…"The grave", therefore is obviously the best rendering, meaning the state of death.
III. Tartaroo…2 Pet. 2:4"
-Deut 32:22; 2 Sam 22:6; Job 11:8; 26:6
-Ps 9:17; 16:10; 18:5; 55:15; 86:13; 116:3; 139:8
-Prov 5:5; 7:27; 9:18; 15:11, 24; 23:14; 27:20
-Is 5:14; 14:9, 15; 18:15; 57:9
-Ezk 31:16-17; 32:21, 27
-Amos 9:2; Jonah 2:2; Hab 2:5

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